Berat (estimated population 118,272 inhabitants in 2008) is a city in southern Albania. It is the capital of the district of Berat and of the prefecture of Berat. The city is located on the right bank of the river Osum not far from the junction between it and the river Molisht. Berat is one of the oldest cities in Albania, founded in the fourth century BC by the Illyrians. The biggest attraction is the castle that was built in the Illyrian era and rebuilt in defense of the Ottomans. On the rock below the castle there are small monasteries that are worth visiting for interesting frescoes.


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The city of Berat is located just 1 hour and 40 minutes from the city of Durres. Known as the “city of thousand windows”, Berat is a Unesco World Heritage site. Surrounded on the east by Mount Tomorr, 2415 m, the town is an ancient Illyrian settlement founded in the fourth and fifth centuries BC in the territory of the Illyrian tribe of Desarettes. The city consists of 3 parts: Gorica, on the opposite side of the river; Mangalem, situated on the fortress side of the river and the residential area inside the fortress known as Kalaja. The old city has some religious buildings such as Byzantine churches and mosques. The ancient name of the city was Antiparea.

Things to visit in Berat: The fortress. The Museum Onufri. Walking down the streets of the old town.